The Importance of Access Control

Access control safeguards data, physical and hardware spaces from threats. It is especially important for businesses that have sensitive customer data and employees who require access to resources remotely. A good access control strategy restricts the amount of privileges users can be granted in order to minimize security breaches and making sure that nobody is able to view sensitive information or gain access from this source to areas they shouldn’t.

Access control is based on the concept that an individual’s identity has to be verified before they are allowed access to any resource. This can be accomplished through several methods including multi-factor identification, biometric identification, and passwords. Then they need to be approved by an authorization system. This function typically takes into account the sensitivity of the credentials used to request the resources.

This authorization system will take into consideration a variety of factors, ranging from what the user is aware of–the passwords and the PIN they use to log in–to what they have–access cards keys, tokens or keys that generate OTP passcodes–and even their biometrics (fingerprints, iris scans, voice prints). Then, it compares these with the privileges they’re asking for and, if all checks out, grants them the access they need.

A well-designed approach to access control is an important element of any security program. This is especially true for healthcare institutions that need to be able to balance the needs of their staff as well as the needs of patients. The proper protocols should be in place for remote and on-site workers, and they need to be constantly reviewed and updated.

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